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Serpentine

serpentine

Name: Serpentine
Color(s): olive green
Mineral Information: hydrous magnesium iron phyllosilicate
Chemical Make-up: ((Mg, Fe)3Si2O5(OH)4)
Hardness: 2.5-5.5
Where they are found: Southwest Africa, China, India, the USA and Italy
About Stone: The name Serpentine refers to a group of predominantly green minerals that occur in masses of small intergrown crystals. Some say this stone earned it’s name from the word “serpent” as it’s coloring resembles the skin of a snake. It was in the 19th century that people became aware of the fire resistant nature of serpentine, as a result is was utilized in many materials and fabrics. According to legend, Romans used this stone as protection against sorcery and the dark arts. Vessels were made of serpentine, as they were said to shatter is they came into contact with poison. Therefore many ancients began using serpentine to craft drinking vessels.
In the ancient civilizations of America, serpentine was considered as a guardian of vital energy as well as a protector of the soul against invisible powers.
In the Middle Ages, serpentine was used to house medicine as it was told to increase the healing powers of the medicine and to make it last longer.
In mineralogy and gemology, serpentine may refer to any of 20 varieties belonging to the serpentine group. Owing to admixture, these varieties are not always easy to individualize, and distinctions are not usually made. There are three important mineral polymorphs of serpentine: antigorite, chrysotile and lizardite.
Zodiac Association: Gemini
Metaphysical Properties: Aids in meditation and enhances spiritual exploration. Assists the retrieval of wisdom, helping to regain memory of past lives. Clears the chakras and stimulates the crown chakra, opening psychic abilities. Assists the conscious direction of healing energy toward problem areas. Corrects mental and emotional imbalances, helping you to feel more in control of your life.

serpentine-cabochon