The Sanskrit name of 1st chakra is Muladhara. It is known as root Chakra and the survival center.
At a Glance of 1st Chakra – Muladhara
Meaning of name: Foundation, Base (mul – base, adhara – support)
Location: Perineum, base of spine, the first 3 vertebrae
Element (Tattva): Earth
Color: Red (Western system), Yellow (Tantric system)
Petals of the Lotus: Four
Seed Sound (Bija Mantra): Lam
Vowel sound: O
Expression: I have
Emotion: Fearlessness & stillness
Key Word: Awareness
Animal: The 7 trunked elephant
Food: Meat & protein
The source of: Passion, raw feelings, including rage, terror and joy; survival energy; material energy for achieving life purpose; fundamental programming about what we deserve in and out of life.
Seat of Existence on the physical plane: the will to live
Imbalances: Obesity, greed & hoarding; root area for addition and compulsions; nervous system disorders; some circulatory, skin or reproductive issues; family dysfunctions; any childhood abuse issues; money, career, and finance issues; questions about housing, food & basic needs.
Contains: Our roots, including family values, beliefs, and heritage; original feelings about ourselves, outright to exist, our right to occupy space, our right to be loved, our right to get our needs met; material energy for achieving life purpose.